Deafness in Disguise Washington University School of Medicine Becker Medical Library

Use, Copyright and Other Restrictions

The Bernard Becker Medical Library offers public access to digital images made from source materials in its archival collections as a contribution to education and scholarship. The Library retains all rights to the reproduction of these images.

Some material in this collection may be protected by copyright. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the Bernard Becker Medical Library and/or the copyright owners.


Digital images from this collection may be used for private study, scholarship and research under the provisions of Fair Use (United States Code, Title 17, section 107) which allows limited use of copyrighted materials under certain conditions. Under Fair Use, images from this site may be viewed, printed, photocopied, or downloaded without prior permission, provided proper attribution of the source is provided on all copies.

For any other use of these images, including but not limited to display, publication and commercial use, permission of the copyright holder must be obtained.


Bernard Becker Medical Library encourages educational use of the images at no charge. If you wish to use images for publication or commercial purpose, or need an actual-size reproduction, higher quality images (300 dpi TIF) are available for a nominal fee by contacting the Archives & Rare Books Department at (314) 362-4236 or by e-mail to We would appreciate your taking the time to tell us about your class and its use of this database.

All other copyright holders retain full rights. They should be contacted directly.


In the interest of scholarship and in order to assure authenticity of the information, we expressly request that no text or image from the “Deafness in Disguise” online exhibit or the CID-Max A. Goldstein Historic Devices for Hearing Collection be modified in any way without our permission in writing.


It is inappropriate to link to any one section of this web site, or to embed a portion from this site internal to your own, since this obscures the nature of our own web publication. A link to the entire site is appreciated. As a courtesy, please let us know that you have created a link, and provide us the URL to your own site.


Citations, quotations, and use of images in this collection made under Fair Use or with permission of the copyright holder must acknowledge their source as: Bernard Becker Medical Library, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid, Campus Box 8132, St. Louis, Missouri.


Users assume all liability for copyright infringement. If permission for publication is given, it is given on behalf of the Bernard Becker Medical Library as owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder which must be obtained by the user. Users assume all liability for copyright infringement and are advised to contact Becker Medical Library for permission to display, publish, use commercially, or make any other use of the digital images in this collection except as allowed under fair use. Most commercial requests for publication are subject to use fees.

Bernard Becker Medical Library Telephone: 314-362-4236
Washington University School of Medicine
660 S. Euclid, Campus Box 8132 e-mail:
St. Louis, Missouri 63110