Rare Books — #251 – 300
251 Maunoir, Jean Pierre, 1768-1861.
Mémoire sur les causes de non-succès dans l’opération de la cataracte et des moyens d’y remédier. Bordeaux: H. Faye, 1842.
, 88 p.,  plates; 22 cm.
Written in the author’s seventy-fourth year and based on forty-five years of experience, this work treats the accidents which often compromise the success of the extraction operation for cataract. A full biographical notice of the author appeared in Compte rendu des travaux de la Société Médicale de Genève pendant l’année 1861, p. 17-33 (1862).
252 Mauthner, Ludwig, 1840-1894.
The sympathetic diseases of the eye. . . . Translated from the German by Warren Webster and James A. Spalding. New York: William Wood & Co., 1881.
iv, -220 p.; 19 cm.
Translation of “Die sympathischen Augenleiden” which comprises Hefte I-II (1879) of Mauthner’s Vortraege aus dem Gesammtgebiete der Augenheilkunde (Wiesbaden, 1878-89). Hirschberg ranks Mauthner with Arlt and Stellwag von Carion among the most important figures in Viennese ophthalmology in the second half of the nineteenth century.
253 May, Charles Henry, 1861-1943.
Manual of the diseases of the eye for students and general practitioners. New York: W. Wood and Co., 1900.
xiii, , 406 p., VI plates: ill.; 19 cm.
The first edition of a text that went through twenty-four English editions between 1900 and 1974. It has been translated into German, Italian, French, Dutch, and Spanish as well.
254 Mead, Richard, 1673-1754.
The medical works of Richard Mead . . . with an account of the life and writings of the author. Edinburgh: A. Donaldson and J. Reid for C. Buglass (Berwick), 1765.
3 v. in 2 (18, 272 p., 4 plates; vii, , 255 p.,  plate; vii, , 213,  p.); 17 cm. (12mo)
The eleventh chapter (3:99-105) of the author’s Medical precepts and cautions is devoted to diseases of the eye and was considered authoritative in this field, even though it contained nothing original, because of the high standing of Mead. It is here incorporated into the last collected edition of Mead’s works which includes many other proofs of his extensive practice and attentive observation.
Hirschberg §392; Osler 3362.
255 Melli, Sebastiano, fl. 1713-1750.
Delle fistole lacrimali il pro, e contra nel nuovo methodo di guarirle, proposto dal Sig. Domenico Anel Francese, ed impugnato dal Sig. Francesco Signorotti in Genova. Con riflessioni chirurgiche, et anatomiche. Venice: G. B. Recurti, 1717.
150,  p.,  plate; 16 cm. (8vo)
In 1713 Anel (17, 18) successfully performed the first catheterization of the lachrymal duct, thereby revolutionizing the treatment of affections of the lachrymal apparatus. Melli and Francesco Signorotti (341) quickly emerged as the fiercest opponents to Anel’s procedures. Originally published in 1713, this work contains a translation of Anel’s work with Melli’s own extensive comments and criticisms. Signorotti’s objections to Anel’s work are also reprinted here.
256 Mercuriale, Girolamo, 1530-1606.
De venenis, et morbis venenosis tractatus locupletissimi, variaque doctrina referti non solùm medicis, verum etiam philosophis magnopere utiles . . . in libros duos digesti: opera Alberti Scheligii. Venice: Giunta, 1601.
, 47 leaves; 22 cm. (4to)
As with so many of Mercuriale’s writings, this early treatise on toxicology was edited and published by one of his students, Albert Schlegel of Warsaw. Mercuriale of Forli, professor of medicine at Padua, Bologna, and Pisa, encouraged his students to publish his teachings but it has been noted that such works published after his lectures and with his approval were generally much inferior to his own writings.
257 Metz, Abraham, 1828-1876.
The anatomy and histology of the human eye. Philadelphia: Medical and Surgical Reporter, 1868.
xvi, -184 p.: ill.; 24 cm.
The most important work of a well-known American ophthalmologist of the third quarter of the nineteenth century. Most of the titles cited in the bibliography were published in Germany after 1851, indicating that the author was well abreast of the most recent developments in his field. From 1864 Metz was professor of ophthalmology at the newly founded Charity Hospital Medical College in Cleveland.
258 Meyer, Edouard, 1838-1902.
A practical treatise on diseases of the eye. . . . Translated, with the assistance of the author, from the third French edition, with additions as contained in the fourth German edition by Freeland Fergus. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1887.
xi, , 17-647 p.: ill.; 24 cm.
The translation and first American edition of Meyer’s most important work, the Traité des maladies des yeux (Paris, 1873; 3e éd., Paris, 1887). German born, Meyer spent three years in Berlin under von Graefe (1859-62) before migrating to Paris in 1863. There he remained until his death. The immensely popular Traité was also translated into German, Italian, Spanish, Greek, Russian, and Polish. A London edition was also published in 1887.
Meyerhof, Max, 1874-1945, trans.
See Muhammad ibn Kassūm ibn Aslam, al-Ghāfikī (266).
259 Michaelius, Joannes, 1578-1651.
Oculi fabrica, actio, usus, seu de natura visus libellus. Leyden: A. Wyngaerden, 1651.
, 84,  p.; 15 cm. (8vo)
A complete treatise on the anatomy and physiology of the eye that seems to have escaped the attention of bibliographers and historians of ophthalmology. The 84 numbered pages of the Oculi fabrica are followed by 22 unnumbered pages of notes, and another 150 unnumbered pages of poetry the author saw fit to append. The first edition was issued at Dordrecht in 1645 under the title De oculo. The author must have enjoyed some popularity, either as an anatomist or a poet, as a Leyden edition was published in 1649. Three separate issues of the 1651 edition appeared at Leyden, each with a different imprint.
259.1 Michel, Guillaume, proponent.
Quaestio medico-chirurgica, quodlibetariis disputationibus, manè discutienda, in Scholis Medicorum . . . anno Domini M. DCC. LXXVIII, M. Claudius-Antonius Caille, . . . praeside. An depressioni cataractae sua laus? Paris: Quillau, 1778.
4 p.; 26 cm. (4to)
260 Mohrenheim, Joseph Jakob, d. 1799.
Beobachtungen verschiedener chirurgischer Vorfälle. Vienna: R. Gräffer 1780 (vol. 2: Dessau: Kosten, 1783).
2 v. in 1 (, 214,  p., 2 plates; , 248 p.); 20 cm. (8vo)
The author of this collection of surgical cases was professor of medicine in Vienna and later at St. Petersburg. While better known for his work in obstetrics, he also specialized in ophthalmology and was widely known as a skilled cataract surgeon. Half of each of these volumes is devoted to observations on the surgery of the eye.
Hirschberg §430; Waller 6595.
261 Molinetti, Antonio, d. 1675.
Dissertationes anatomico-pathologicae quibus humani corporis partes accuratissimè describuntur morbique singulas divexantes explicantur. Opus philosophis utile, medicis verò necessarium. Venice: P. Balleoni, 1675.
, 338 p.,  plates; 22 cm. (4to)
Molinetti, son of a Venetian surgeon, was the successor of Vesling and the immediate predecessor of Morgagni as professor of anatomy at Padua. This work, first issued in 1669 but considerably augmented in this edition, gives a survey of the anatomy and physiology of the whole body. Of great importance are his investigations on the physiology of the senses and the brain, the sensitive and motoric nerves, and the refraction of the eye. The section on vision, the structure, and diseases of the eye comprise six chapters (p. 138-160) and includes two plates showing the enlarged anatomy and physiology of the eye.
262 Monro, Alexander, 1733-1817.
Three treatises. On the brain, the eye, and the ear. Edinburgh: Bell & Bradfute, 1797.
viii, -32, 32*r-v, -263 p., 24 plates; 34 cm. (fol.)
Included in this collection of anatomical studies is the author’s reiteration of his claim to the discovery of the interventricular foramen. However, J. A. Sharp [Medical history 5:83-93 (1961)] has argued that the “foramen of Monro” is misnamed, as Monro “added nothing of value to the pre-existing descriptions of the foramen, and secondly because he actually misinterpreted the nature of the communication between the third and lateral ventricles.” The treatise on the structure and functions of the eyes is illustrated by nine copperplate engravings. Monro Secundus is considered the greatest of the family dynasty which monopolized the teaching of anatomy in Edinburgh for more than a century. Cf. Rex E. Wright-St. Clair. Doctors Monro: a medical saga (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, l964).
Hirschberg §393; Waller 6646.
Mons, Charles Jacques van, jt. author.
See Vleminckx (392).
Monte, Giovanni Battista da, 1498-1551, trans.
See Aetius, of Amida (5).
Moore, William Daniel, 1813-1871, trans.
See Donders (115).
Morand, Sauveur François, 1697-1773, & César Verdier, 1685-1759.
“Rapport des opérations de la cataracte par l’extraction du cristallin, faites devant les Commissaires de l’Académie, par M. Poyet. . . .”
In Académie Royale de Chirurgie, Mémoires (2).
Morand, Sauveur François, 1697-1773.
See Devaux (108).
262.1 Morax, Victor, 1866-1935.
Recherches bactériologiques sur l’étiologie des conjonctives aiguës, et sur l’asepsie dans la chirurgie oculaire. Paris: Société d’Éditions Scientifiques, 1894.
144 p.,  plate; 26 cm.
Series: Bibliothèque générale de médecine.
A systematic work on the different types and the etiology of conjunctivitis containing a final chapter on asepsis in ophthalmic surgery. The volume is illustrated with a lithograph which was made from the author’s original drawing.
Born in Switzerland, Victor Morax studied in Freiburg (Germany) and later in Paris, where he completed his medical doctorate in 1849. In addition to being an ophthalmologist at La Riboisière Hospital, he was co-editor of the Annales d’Oculistique (cf. Hirschberg §1273). In 1896 Morax described—simultaneously with T. Axenfeld—the diplobacillus that causes chronic or acute blepharocojunctivitis in man (Hemophilus duplex).
Fischer II:1066; NUC 394:145.
263 Morgagni, Giovanni Battista, 1682-1771.
Adversaria anatomica omnia archtypis aereis tabulis Cominianis ab auctore ipso communicatis, & universali accuratissimo indice ornata. Opus nunc vere absolutum, inventis, et innumeris observation-ibus, ac monitis refertum, quibus universa humani corporis anatome, & . . . res medica, & chirurgica admodum illustrantur. Venice: Remondiniana, 1762.
, xvi, 108, , 109-244 p., 11 plates; 41 cm. (fol.)
Regarded as the founder of pathological anatomy and credited with introducing and propagating the correct doctrine on the nature of cataract in Italy, Morgagni here corrected many anatomical errors of his predecessors. The final “adversaria” contains major sections on the eyes and eyelids. Morgagni was the first to describe the condition now known as Morgagnian cataract. The author reviewed the text for this edition and corrected some typographical errors of the edition published by Comino in Padua in 1719. The preface to the original edition by Giovanni Battista Volpi is included.
264 Morgan, John, 1797-1847.
Lectures on diseases of the eye. . . . Second edition, carefully revised, and enlarged with notes, by John F. France. London: S. Highley, 1848.
xx, 222 p., 18 plates; 23 cm.
Morgan was engaged in the preparation of this second edition (lst ed., 1839) when he was taken seriously ill. Editorial responsibility was then assumed by Morgan’s friend and colleague, John Frederick France (1818-1900), who published the Lectures the year following Morgan’s death. France added the biographical memoir of the author that had appeared in both the Medical Gazette and the Gentleman’s Magazine. Surgeon at Guy’s Hospital from 1821, Morgan had limited himself in later years to ophthalmic surgery at the Guy’s Hospital Eye Infirmary.
Hirsch IV:266; Hirschberg §668.
265 Morton, Andrew Standford, 1847-1925.
Refraction of the eye, its diagnosis and the correction of its errors with chapter on keratoscopy. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, 1881.
viii, 57 p.: ill.; 20 cm.
The first American edition of a popular work on refraction intended for beginners. A London edition was published the same year.
265.1 Muck, Ferdinand, respondent.
Dissertatio anatomica de ganglio ophthalmico et nervis ciliaribus animalium . . . praeside Friderico Tiedemann . . . publico eruditorum examini submittit auctor Ferdinandus Muck Euerbacensis ad diem XVI. mart. MDCCCXV. Landshut: J. Thomann, 1815.
vi, -94 p., 2 plates; 25 cm. (4to)
266 Muhammad ibn Kassūm ibn Aslam, al-Ghāfikī, 12th cent.
Al-Morchid fi’l-kohhl; ou, le guide d’oculistique. Ouvrage inédit de l’oculiste arabe-espagnol. . . . Traduction des parties ophtalmologiques d’après le manuscrit conservé à la bibliothèque de l’Escurial par Max Meyerhof. Barcelona: Laboratoires du Nord de l’Espagne, 1933.
225,  p.,  plates; 29 cm.
A French translation of the ophthalmological section of a twelfth century Arabic manuscript from the library of the Escurial Palace. Nothing is known of the circumstances of the life of the author beyond the fact that he was a practicing oculist near Cordova and was well acquainted with Arabic medical literature. A glossary of French and Arabic terms is included.
267 Müller, Johannes, 1801-1858.
Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtssinnes des Menschen und der Thiere nebst einem Versuch über die Bewegungen der Augen und über den menschlichen Blick. Leipzig: C. Cnobloch, 1826.
xxxii, 462,  p., 8 plates; 20 cm.
Written at the age of only 25, this is one of Müller’s earliest and most important publications. It “includes (p. 73) his explanation of the colour sensations produced by pressure upon the retina” (G-M 1495). Polyak (Vertebrate visual system) cites Müller as the “originator of the concept of ‘specific energy of nerves’ and of the ‘theory of identical points’ of two eyes in single binocular vision.” Cf. Burton Chance, “Johannes Müller; a sketch of his life and ophthalmologic works,” Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society 42:230-242 (1944).
G-M 1495; Hirschberg §1015; Waller 6734.
Munk, Ole, ed.
See Soemmerring (347).
268 Muter, Robert.
Practical observations on various novel modes of operating on cataract, and of forming an artificial pupil. Wisbech: J. White for T. Underwood (London), 1811.
, ix, , 115,  p.; 23cm. (8vo)
Muter’s only contribution to the literature of ophthalmology was this treatise on the formation of an artificial pupil, published in the small Cambridgeshire village of Wisbech and largely ignored by his contemporaries and by later historians and bibliographers in the field. Muter, a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in London, took his medical degree at Edinburgh two years after the publication of this work.
269 Muys, Jan, b. 1654.
Praxis medico-chirurgica rationalis, seu observationes medico-chirurgicae secundum solida verae philosophiae fundamenta resolutae. Decades duodecim. Amsterdam: J. Wolters, 1695.
, 419,  p.,  plate: ill.; 15 cm. (12mo)
Included in this collection of medical and surgical case histories is an account (p. 394-398) of a tumor of the orbit in which the eyeball was successfully extirpated by a surgeon named Seelen using a knife of Fabricius von Hilden’s design (133). The author practised at Leyden where he also held the post of mayor for a time.
270 Nannoni, Angelo, 1715-1790.
Dissertazioni chirurgiche . . . I. Della fistola lacrimale. II. Della cateratta. III. De medicamentis exsiccantibus. IV. De medicamentis causticis. Paris: s.n., 1748.
xii, 245,  p.; 19 cm. (8vo)
Nannoni, Benevoli’s (43) pupil and successor as chief surgeon at the Hospital Santa Maria Nuova in Florence, was probably the most famous and skillful surgeon of his time in Tuscany. The first two sections of this work deal with ophthalmological subjects. They are followed by two Latin treatises which were prize winning essays at the Paris Academy of Surgery. Haller provides a detailed discussion of Nannoni’s works (Haller Chir II:288-290).
Haller Chir II:289; Hirschberg §401.
271 Nannoni, Lorenzo, 1749-1812.
Dissertazione sulla cateratta. Milan: A. Magg, 1780.
61 p.; 21 cm. (8vo)
The only ophthalmological work by the son of Angelo Nannoni (270), this text treats the etiology of inflammations of the crystalline lens. At the age of twenty, Nannoni traveled to France, England, and Holland at the expense of Pietro Leopoldo, Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany, accompanied by Felice Fortana (140), Jean Fabroni and Georges Sancti. The importance of these travels to Nannoni is suggested by the fact that eleven years later he dedicated this work to his patron, the Austrian archduke.
272 Nettleship, Edward, 1845-1913.
Student’s guide to diseases of the eye. . . . Second American from the second revised and enlarged English edition. With a chapter on examination for color perception, by William Thomson. Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea’s Son & Co., 1883.
xix, , -416 p.,  plate: ill.; 20 cm.
The first edition of this popular textbook on the diseases of the eye was published at London in 1879, and the first American edition at Philadelphia in l880. Nettleship originally took a degree in veterinary medicine, later becoming a student at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Surgeon to the South London Ophthalmic Hospital, St. Thomas’s Hospital and the Royal Ophthalmic Hospital, Nettleship earned a reputation as a skilled operator, teacher, and clinical researcher. After 1902 Nettleship devoted most of his attention to congenital disorders of the eye.
272.1 Neue Bibliothek für die Chirurgie und Ophthalmolgie.
Herausgegeben von C. J. M. Langenbeck. . . . Zweyter Band. Erstes Stück. . . . Hannover: Hahn Brothers, 1819.
, 146 p., 2 plates; 19 cm. (8vo)
Provenance: Dem Ärzl. Verein Bundens (inscription);— Graubünden Kantons Bibliothek (stamp).
Contents: Holscher, G. P., Ueber Verrenkungen von Astley Cooper . . . mitgetheilt aus dem ersten Theile der Surgical essays;—Schlagintweit, W. A. J., Ueber den gegenwärtigen Zustand der künstlichen Pupillenbildung in Teutschland;—Articles & review by C. J. M. Langenbeck: Bemerkungen über das Gräf’sche Coreoncion mit doppelten Haken;—Abhandlung von den Brüchen . . . von William Lawrence . . . nach der 3ten Ausgabe . . . 1818;—Mein Instrument zur künstlichen Pupillenbildung kann nun auch zerlegt werden.—Anatomische Untersuchungen der Gegend, wo die Schenkelbrüche entstehen.
A collection of surgical and ophthalmological essays, abstracts, and reviews. The entire series was published in four volumes between 1815 and 1828 and was edited by Conrad Johann Martin Langenbeck. “This noted German surgeon and anatomist became professor of anatomy and surgery at Göttingen, and was named surgeon-general of the Hanoverian Army in 1814. He founded the surgery and ophthalmology clinic at Göttingen in 1807, and is especially remembered for devising an operation to construct an artificial pupil by implanting a slip of iris in a corneal incision” (Heirs 1320).
Hirsch III:667; NUC 315: 96; NYAM 22:576.
Neuffer, Philipp Jacob, respondent.
“De mydriasi, pupillae seu p. n. dilatitione.”
In Dissertationes medicae selectae Tubingenses (112) 2:18-72.
The New Sydenham Society.
See Selected monographs (338.1).
273 Newton, Sir Isaac, 1642-1727.
Opticks: or, a treatise of the reflexions, refractions, inflexions and colours of light. Also two treatises of the species and magnitude of curvilinear figures. London: S. Smith and B. Walford, 1704.
41, 144, 211, , p., 19 plates; 24 cm. (4to)
The classical formulation and first full presentation of Newton’s corpuscular or emission theory of light. Newton and Huygens (1989-199) are the two great founders of the modern science of optics. Newton delayed publication of this work for many years because of his wish to avoid unpleasant disputes over priority, like that which ensued with Robert Hooke after publication of Newton’s paper on light and color in 1671. Only after the death of Hooke in 1703 did Newton allow publication of the Opticks.
Newton discovered the composition of white light; he explained the colors of the rainbow; speculated on the double refraction of Iceland spar; and attempted an explanation of ‘Newton’s rings.’ His corpuscular theory of light remained the dominant theory well into the nineteenth century, when the work of Young (423.1) and Maxwell seemed to establish the wave theory. More recently however, important features of the corpuscular theory have revived, and with Planck’s quantum theory, modern views now ascribe both corpuscular and wave properties to light. Appended to the Opticks are two highly important mathematical treatises which are not present in later editions. These treatises constitute Newton’s first published works on calculus.
Babson 132; BOA I:104; Gray 174; Hirschberg §451.
273.1 Newton, Sir Isaac, 1642-1727.
Optical lectures read in the publick schools of the University of Cambridge, anno domini, 1669. . . . Never before printed. Translated into English out of the original Latin. London: F. Fayram, 1728.
xi, , 212 p., 13 plates; 20 cm. (8vo)
Contents: “The refrangibility of rays is different” (p. 1-45); —“Of the measure of refractions” (p. 46-96); —“Of the refractions of planes” (p. 97-172); —“Of the refractions of curve surfaces” (p. 173-212).
“Newton’s Lucasian lectures of 1669 were divided into two parts, the second of which was published in improved form in the Opticks (273); the first part is here published for the first time” (Norman 1592).
Babson 154; BM 171:330; BOA I:151; Gray 190; More, p. 57-58; Norman 1592; NUC 417:466; Wallis 190.
273.2 Noethig, Franz Nicolaus.
Dissertatio inauguralis anatomica de decussatione nervorum opticorum . . . praeside . . . Sam. Th. Soemmerring pro obtinensis summis publico eruditorum examini subiecit auctor Franc[iscus] Nic[olaus] Noethig. Mainz: I. I. Alef; heirs of Haeffner, 1786.
, -48,  p., 1 folding plate; 19 cm. (8vo)
An inaugural dissertation on the cranial nerves, especially the optic nerve, publicly presented to the physicians of Mainz on the 17th of May, 1786. The praeses to the thesis was Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (cf. 348, 349). Included in this work is a plate depicting the optic nerve and chiasma which was engraved after Soemmerring’s original drawing.
BM 172:594; Callisen XIV:39; NUC 420:581.
Norris, William Fisher, 1839-1901, ed.
See System of diseases of the eye (367).
Norton, Arthur Trehern, 1841-1912.
See Walton (399.1).
274 Noyes, Henry Drury, 1832-1900.
A treatise, diseases of the eye. New York: William Wood and Co., 1881.
xii, , 360 p.,  plates: ill.; 23 cm.
Part of the Wood’s library of standard medical authors, this work was later the basis for Noyes’s famous Text-book (275). Like many Americans interested in ophthalmology in the mid-nineteenth century, Noyes spent several years in the clinics and lecture halls of the major figures in European ophthalmology. Noyes was one of the first to employ cocaine as a local anesthetic in eye operations, and the first to investigate the relation of retinitis to glycosuria. Under his direction, the New York Ear and Eye Infirmary developed into one of the finest specialist hospitals in the world.
275 Noyes, Henry Drury, 1832-1900.
A text-book on diseases of the eye. New York: William Wood & Co., 1890.
xiv, 733 p., 11 plates: ill.; 24 cm.
Noyes’s principal work, the Text-book is the outgrowth of his Treatise (274) published nine years earlier. Though never translated or published outside the United States, the Text-book is noted in Hirsch as “eins der besten und am meisten gebrauchten in jener Zeit.”
BOA I:154; Hirsch IV:389; Hirschberg §763; Waller 6911.
276 Nuck, Anton, 1650-1692.
Sialographia et ductuum aquosorum anatome nova, priori auctior & emendatior. Accedit defensio ductuum aquosorum, nec non fons salivalis novus, hactenus non descriptus. Leyden: P. van der Aa, 1690.
, 158,  p., 6 plates; 16 cm. (8vo)
Published originally in 1685 under the title De ductu salivali novo, saliva, ductibus oculorum aquosis, et humore oculi aqueo (G-M 1101), this revised and enlarged edition contains some of the author’s most important observations on the salivary glands and the glands and ducts of the eye. The second part of the work (p. -155) treats the aqueous chamber and the aqueous humor of the eye and includes surgical case histories.
Hirschberg §324; Waller 6919.
277 Nuck, Anton, 1650-1692.
Operationes et experimenta chirurgica...Editio novissima. Leyden: S. Luchtmans, 1733.
, 170,  p.,  plates; 16 cm. (8vo)
A collection of fifty surgical observations, seven of which are given to the treatment of ocular disorders: strabismus (VI), depression of cataract (VII), symphisis of the eyelids (VIII), leukoma (IX), artificial glass eyes (X), hordeolum (XII), and hypopyon (XIII). This popular little work went through five Latin editions between its original publication in 1692 and this final edition. A German translation was published at Lübeck in 1709, and a Dutch translation at Leyden in 1740.
Blake, p. 328.
278 Oeller, Johann Nepomuk, 1850-1932.
Atlas der Ophthalmoskopie. Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1896-99.
5 pts. ( p., 12 plates;  p., 15 plates;  p., 15 plates;  p., 15 plates;  p., 18 plates); 41 cm.
In Oeller’s opinion the finest ophthalmoscopic atlas that had yet appeared was Jaeger’s Beiträge zur Pathologie des Auges (204). Because of the expense involved in color reproduction, few atlases of the period could approach the quality of Jaeger’s plates. It was Oeller’s intention in publishing the present atlas to provide lithographic plates of greater detail and more intense color, and to update the text with the most recent observations made since the publication of the first part of Jaeger’s Beiträge more than forty years before. The plates were lithographed after Oeller’s own oil sketches by the art institute and press of the University of Würzburg under the supervision of H. Stürtz. The explanatory text for each plate is provided in both German and English. Extra title-page: Atlas of ophthalmoscopy. . . . The text translated into English by A. H. Knapp.
BOA I:155; Fischer II:1139; Hirschberg §1029 (52).
279 Oeller, Johann Nepomuk, 1850-1932.
Atlas seltener ophthalmoskopischer Befunde. Zugleich Ergänzungstafeln zu dem Atlas der Ophthalmoskopie. Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1900-12.
8 pts. ( p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates;  p., 5 plates): ill.; 40 cm.
Forty plates illustrating the more rare ophthalmic diseases, provided as a supplement to the Atlas der Ophthalmoskopie (278). As in the earlier atlas, the plates were all lithographed after Oeller’s own oil sketches. Text in German and English; each part has an added title-page in English. English translation by Thomas Snowball.
280 Oertel, Johann Gottfried, proponent.
De trachomate, praeside . . . Christiano Vater. . . . Wittenberg: Io. Gothofr. Meyer, 1704.
24 p.; 20 cm. (4to)
A dissertation on trachoma by a student of Christian Vater (1651-1732), professor of medicine at Wittenberg.
Oetinger, Ferdinand Christoph, 1719-1772, praeses.
“De lapsu palpebrae superioris.”
In Dissertationes medicae selectae Tubingenses (112) 3:229-277.
281 Ohlemann, Friedrich Wilhelm Max.
Ocular therapeutics for physicians and students. . . . Translated and edited by Charles A. Oliver. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston’s Son & Co., 1899.
xv, , -274 p.; 21 cm.
Translation of Ohlemann’s Augenärztliche Therapie für Ärzte und Studierende (Wiesbaden, 1896). This book was the first on ocular therapeutics to be published since Carl Ferdinand Graefe’s Repertorium augenärztlicher Heilmittel in 1817. Leaving aside all claim to have written a textbook of ophthalmology, Ohlemann limits himself strictly to the treatment of eye diseases.
Oliver, Charles Augustus, 1853-1911, ed.
See Donders (116), Juler (214), Ohlemann (281), System of diseases of the eye (367).
O’Malley, Charles Donald.
See Fuchs (145) and Geminus (151).
Ostade, Adrian van, 1610-1685, engr.
See Print 14.
281.1 Pagenstecher, Hermann, 1844-1932.
Atlas der pathologischen Anatomie des Augapfels. Herausgegeben von Dr. Herm[ann] Pagenstecher und Dr. Carl Genth. Atlas of the pathological anatomy of the eyeball . . . translated into English by W. R. Gowers. Wiesbaden: C. W. Kreidel, 1875.
viii,  p., XXXVIII plates; 34 cm.
A German-English bilingual “atlas of the pathological anatomy of the eyeball. [Its] copper-plates are descriptive of the pathological changes in the anterior segment of the eyeball, and the pathological changes of the choroid, retina, and intra-ocular end of the optic nerve” (BOA I:158).
A student of Albrecht von Graefe in Berlin, Hermann Pagenstecher continued his studies abroad and became an assistant to his brother, Alexander Pagenstecher, at the eye clinic of Wiesbaden in 1875. Four years later he was promoted to director of the clinic, and in 1890 was appointed professor of ophthalmology. In addition to the above work and several articles, he published a monograph on cataract surgery [Die Operation des grauen Stars in geschlossener Kapsel (Wiesbaden, 1877)], which further developed his brother’s new method of extraction of the lens in the closed capsule through a scleral incision (1866); cf. Garrison, p. 611.
BOA I:158; Fischer II:1164 (imprint dated: 1873-75); G-M 5910 (imprint dated: 1873-75); NUC 437:452; Pagel, col. 1249.
282 Pallucci, Natalis Giuseppe, 1719-1797.
Description d’un nouvel instrument propre à abaisser la cataracte avec tout le succès possible. Paris: Son of d’Houry, 1750.
22 p.,  plate; 16 cm. (12mo)
Bound with (283, 284, 285).
This collection of four treatises on cataract represents the author’s principal ophthalmologic writings. “Never a convert to the extraction method of dealing with cataract, he invented a very original instrument with which to perform the depression operation. It consisted of a trocar-cannula. When the trocar was in place, the device was used to perforate the sclera. As soon, however, as the proper opening had been made, the trocar was withdrawn well back into the tube, leaving in the scleral perforation a blunt-ended cannula with which the operation was completed without the slightest fear of injury to the iris or ciliary body” (AmEncOph XII:9215).
AmEncOph XII:9215; BOA II:78; Hirschberg §401; Waller 7072.
283 Pallucci, Natalis Giuseppe, 1719-1797.
Histoire de l’opération de la cataracte, faite à six soldats invalides. Paris: Son of d’Houry, 1750.
56 p.; 16 cm. (12mo)
Bound with (282, 284, 285).
AmEncOph XII:9215; BOA II:78; Hirschberg §401; Waller 7073.
284 Pallucci, Natalis Giuseppe, 1719-1797.
Lettre à Monsieur le Marquis de ***, sur les opérations de la cataracte. Paris: s.n., 1751.
39 p.; 16 cm. (12mo)
Bound with (282, 283, 285).
AmEncOph XII:9215; Hirschberg §401.
285 Pallucci, Natalis Giuseppe, 1719-1797.
Methode d’abbattre la cataracte. Paris: d’Houry, 1752.
, iv, xvi, 204 p., 2 plates; 16 cm. (12mo)
Bound with (282, 283, 284).
Hirschberg §401; Waller 7074.
286 Pallucci, Natalis Giuseppe, 1719-1797.
Methodus curandae fistulae lacrymalis. Vienna: J. T. Trattner, 1762.
117,  p., 3 plates; 20 cm. (8vo)
After discussing the different methods generally employed in the treatment of lachrymal fistula, the author proposes a new method which consisted of inserting a cannula into the lachrymal duct, passing a fine gold thread from the sac towards the nasal fossa through the nasal duct, and introducing a simple corrosive to clear the obstruction. The treatise is illustrated with a set of copperplate engravings.
AmEncOph XII:9215; Hirschberg §401.
287 Panas, Photinos, 1832-1903.
Leçons sur les maladies inflammatoires des membranes internes de l’oeil comprenant l’iritis, les choro dites et le glaucome. . . . Rédigées et publiées par E. Kirmisson. Paris: V. Adrien Delahaye & Co., 1878.
, 246 p.; 21 cm.
An important work on the inflammatory diseases of the eye. Born on the island of Cephalonia, Panas took his medical degree at Paris in 1860, where he remained for the rest of his life. One of the leading lights in the establishment of the new French school of ophthalmology, he became the first professor of ophthalmology on the Faculté de Médecine; wrote the best French text-book on eye diseases (1894); and was one of the founders of the Archives d’Ophtalmologie.
Hirsch IV:487; Hirschberg §1274.
Pansier, Pierre, 1864-1939.
See Collectio ophthalmologica veterum auctorum (82).
288 Panum, Peter Ludwig, 1820-1885.
Physiologische Untersuchungen über das Sehen mit zwei Augen. Kiel: Schwers, 1858.
, 94,  p.,  plates: ill.; 28 cm.
One of the foremost Danish physiologists of the nineteenth century, Panum is especially noted for his work in physiological chemistry, collaborating at different times with such figures as Virchow, Koelliker and Cl. Bernard (46). His publications on the physiology of vision are not numerous, being limited to the present work and a number of articles in von Graefe’s Archiv für Ophthalmologie.
Hirsch IV:493; Waller 7098.
288.1 Pappenheim, Samuel Moritz, 1811-1882.
Die specielle Gewebelehre des Auges mit Rücksicht auf Entwicklungsgeschichte und Augenpraxis. Breslau: G. P. Aderholz, 1842.
vi, 286 p.,  plates; 23 cm.
Considered by many to be the first work on the histology of the eye including aspects of pathological and comparative anatomy. The volume is illustrated with four plates lithographed after Pappenheim’s original drawings. In his introduction Pappenheim claims to have discovered the corneal nerves, but in fact it was Friedrich Schlemm who first described these nerves in 1830. “Pappenheim followed them further into the corneal stroma and described them more precisely” (Hirschberg §1007). Pappenheim published several other noteworthy physiological studies, and in 1847 he received the Grand Prix of the Académie des Sciences for The reproductive organs of the five classes of vertebrates.
BM 179:622; Callisen XXXI:142; Hirsch IV:496; Hirschberg §1007; NUC 440:524.
Paré, Ambroise, 1510-1590.
See Guillemeau (168).
289 Parfait-Landrau, Jean François, b. 1797.
Mémoire sur un nouveau procédé à introduire dans l’opération de la cataracte par extraction, au moyen duquel les malades sont mis a l’abri des cataractes membraneuses secondaires. Paris: A. Boucher for Duplessis & Ponthieu, 1827.
vi, -62 p.,  plate: port.; 22 cm.
A modification of the extraction operation for cataract is proposed by the author, which he claims would diminish the chances of secondary cataracts occurring. Hirschberg credits Parfait-Landrau with discovering the condition now termed synchisis scintillans.
290 Pasch, Georg, 1661-1707.
De novis inventis, quorum accuratiori cultui facem praetulit antiquitas, tractatus, secundum ductum disciplinarum, facultatum atque artium in gratiam curiosi lectoris concinnatus. Editio secunda, priori quarta parte auctior. . . . Leipzig: Heirs of Joh. Gross, 1700.
, 456, 475-812,  p.; 22 cm. (4to)
“Cet ouvrage savant, mais un peu indigeste, est recherché. L’auteur se propose de prouver que la plupart des opinions regardées comme nouvelles étaient deja connues des anciens, et qu’on retrouve dans leurs écrits le germe de toutes les idées de philosophie, de morale et de politique des modernes; il s’attache ensuite à faire voir que toutes les découvertes dans les arts et les sciences ne sont que le résultat et le déve-loppement des connaissances qui ont été transmises par l’antiquité . . . ” (BioUni XXXII:213).
In no way is the tone of this volume deprecatory to the moderns, however. It is a detailed and still useful history of developments in seventeenth century science and technology, and is much quoted by Thorndike. In Chapter XXIX of the section “De inventis medicis” Pasch discusses theories of vision and the treatment of various disorders of the eye. The “De inventis physico-mathematico-mechanicis” includes sections on optics and various kinds of optical instruments. The first edition was published at Kiloni in 1695 under the title Schediasma de curiosis hujus seculi inventis.
291 Pauli, Friedrich, 1804-1868.
Ueber den grauen Staar und die Verkrüm-mungen, und eine neue Heilart dieser Krankheiten. Stuttgart: Hallberger, 1838.
439 p.,  plate; 19 cm.
A work on cataract by a noted German surgeon, one of whose specialties was this operation. Pauli was also the first to perform the operation for strabismus on a living person. This copy is from the library of Ernst August, King of Hanover (1771-1851).
Hirsch IV:530; Hirschberg §533.
Paulus Aegineta, 625?-690?
See Aetius, of Amida (5).
291.1 Pauly, Jean Baptiste.
De visu, dissertatio physiologica, quam in Augustissimo Ludoviceo Medico Monspeliensi, Deo duce, & auspice Dei-parâ, tueri conabitur, auctor Joannes-Baptista Pauly, ex oppido Sancti Eparchii, in Comitatu Fuxensi, Artium Liberalium Magister, & jamdudùm medicinæ alumnus, die mensis Februarii, anni 1777; pro Baccalaureatus gradu obtinendo. Montpellier: J. Martel, 1777.
24 p.; 24 cm. (4to)
Peckham, John, Archbishop of Canterbury, ca. 1230-1292.
See Lacepiera (222).
291.2 Peckham, John, Archbishop of Canterbury, ca. 1230-1292.
Ioannis Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, perspectivae communis libri tres. Iam postremò correcti ac figuris illustrati. Cologne: A. Mylius for Birckmann, 1592.
, 47,  leaves: ill.; 21 cm. (4to).
A sixteenth century edition of John Peckham’s thirteenth century treatise on optics, “which was the generally accepted medieval handbook on the subject, and was used in the universities until Kepler’s day. Peckham was a Franciscan monk who died as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1292. His work is largely based on the Arabic writers, chiefly Ibn al-Haitham [Alhazen] (8). Peckham’s most original contribution to optics is his description of concave refracting surfaces, the first time that uch glasses were mentioned” (BOA II:80).
Perspectiva communis is divided into three parts: 1. about the properties of light; 2. about reflection; 3. about refraction. The printed versions contain several remarkable woodcut illustrations, among those a diagram of the eye, which Sarton considers “probably the earliest to appear in print” (Sarton II:1028). The first edition of the Perspectiva was published in Milan, 1482. Some notable editions: Leipzig, 1504; Venice 1504; Cologne, 1508; Nuremberg, 1542; Cologne, 1542, 1627.
Bird, p. 174 (1504, 1542 eds.; 1593 Italian ed.); BM 182:676; BOA II:80 (1504 ed.); Durling 3579-3581 (1504, 1542 eds.); James, p. 39 (1482 ed.); NUC 447:117; Sarton II:1028-1030 (1482, 1504, 1505?, 1508, 1542, 1627 eds.).
Pellier de Quengsy, George.
See Pellier de Quengsy (292).
292 Pellier de Quengsy, Guillaume, 1751-1835.
Recueil de mémoires et d’observations, tant sur les maladies qui attaquent l’oeil & les parties qui l’environment, que sur les moyens de les guérir, dans lequel l’auteur, après, avoir donné un précis de la structure de cet organe, expose un nouveau procédé pour extraire la cataracte, avec un instrument de son invention, & réfute l’efficacité prétendue de l’abaissement. Montpellier: J. Martel, 1783.
xv, , 549,  p.,  plate; 21 cm. (8vo)
Truc and Pansier, historians of the Montpellier school of ophthalmology, describe Pellier de Quengsy as a teacher of the first rank, an innovator with original ideas, and one of the most clever and brilliant practitioners of the eighteenth century. The present collection of memoirs includes his earlier publication on cataract extraction, together with extracts from the writings of Guerin, Daviel, Bordenave, Thomassin, Gouan, his father, brother, and others on this subject. Pellier popularized Daviel’s cataract extraction operation (2) in Montpellier and simplified it with an instrument of his own invention, the ‘ophthalmotome’. To discourage unauthorized reprintings of this work the dedicatory epistle is numbered (no. 446) and initialed by the author.
293 Pellier de Quengsy, Guillaume, 1751-1835.
Précis ou cours d’opérations sur la chirurgie des yeux, puisé dans le sein de la pratique, & enrichi de figures en taille-douce, qui réprésentent les instrumens qui leur sont propres, avec des observations de pratique trèsintéressantes. Paris: Didot, the younger & Mequignon. Montpellier: Rigaut, Roullet, 1789-1790.
2 v. (xxxiv, , 437,  p., 26 plates; xiii, , 152, 143-404 p., 8 plates): port.; 21 cm. (8vo)
Comprehensive and fully illustrated, this is the first monograph in the world’s literature devoted exclusively to the surgery of the eye. It is especially noteworthy for its description of the earliest attempt to treat scarred corneas surgically. Pellier de Quengsy’s method consisted of making an artificial cornea out of glass and substituting it for the scarred cornea of the patient. The crystal was supported by a silver ring and then sewn by direct suturing onto the patient’s eye (1:94-104 & plate 4). All attempts failed. Only at the beginning of the nineteenth century did autotransplants and homotransplants begin to meet with varying degrees of success through the work of Reisinger, Stilling, Koenigshoefer, Markus, and others.
Pellier de Quengsy, Jean Henri.
See Pellier de Quengsy (292).
Peter of Limoges, d. 1306.
See Lacepiera (222).
294 Peters, Eli Otto, b. 1810.
De blepharoplastice. Leipzig: Staritz, 1836.
43 p., [l] plate; 22 cm.
This Leipzig thesis on blepharoplasty consists of an historical section followed by several accounts of surgical cases. Von Ammon noted [Monatsschrift für Medicine, Augenheilkunde und Chirurgie 2:493-495 (1839)] that many figures used by Carron du Villards (71) to illustrate blepharoplastic operations were taken from this dissertation.
Philosophical Society of Edinburgh.
Medical essays and observations.
See Demours (97).
See Aetius, of Amida (5).
Phipps, Jonathan Wathen.
See Wathen (406).
295 Piazza, Pietro.
Specimen physico-mathematicum publice datum super opticae theorias ad oculum hominis applicatas. Florence: Bonducci, 1779.
55 p., [l] plate; 27 cm. (4to)
While emphasizing the anatomy of the human eye, vision and optics, the book also deals with optical mirrors and lenses, microscopes and telescopes (particularly Galileo’s telescope). The copperplate includes an anatomical representation of the eye. This dissertation is dedicated to the Grand Duke Peter Leopold of Tuscany.
296 Pilz, Josef, 1818-1866.
Compendium der operativen Augenheilkunde. Nach seinem Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde. Prague: Karl André, 1860.
, 202 p., 5 plates; 22 cm.
Written at the request of his students, Pilz’s Compendium was largely based on his much esteemed Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde, published at Prague the year before.
Hirsch IV:607; Hirschberg §1217.
297 Platter, Felix, II, 1605-1671.
[Theoria . . . cataracta]: ex monumentis Felicis Platerii . . . proponit Felix Platerus. Basel: J. Schroterus, 1626.
 p.; 20 cm. (4to)
In 1583, Felix Platter published an anatomical treatise which proposed the revolutionary concept that the retina, rather than the crystalline lens, is the true visual receptor of the eye. The treatise was largely ignored until Platter’s nephew and namesake republished it in 1626, resulting in recognition of the novel proposal concerning the retina.
298 Plemp, Vopiscus Fortunatus, 1601-1671.
Ophthalmographia sive tractatio de oculo. Editio altera. Cui praeter alia accessere affectionum ocularium curationes. Louvain: H. Nemp, 1648.
, 240 p.; 34 cm. (fol.)
Plemp was professor of medicine at Louvain and one of the foremost physicians of his period. He is perhaps best remembered for his belated though vigorous advocacy of Harvey’s discovery of the circulation of the blood. While there is little in the way of novel researches in this work, it is interesting to note that Plemp was the first to espouse the optical theories of Kepler (216.1), originally announced some twenty years previously. He speculated that clouding of the lens might be the cause of cataract but he proceeded no further with this idea. It was not until the beginning of the next century with the work of Maître-Jan (243, 244), Brisseau (63), and Heister (182) that a true understanding of the nature of cataract began to emerge.
BOA I:167; Hirschberg §315.
299 Plenck, Joseph Jacob, Ritter von, 1738-1807.
Doctrina de morbis oculorum. Vienna: R. Graeffer, 1777.
219,  p.; 21 cm. (8vo)
Plenck is credited with giving the first course of lectures on eye diseases in Hungary. His Doctrina de morbis oculorum was “perhaps the first useful compendium which contains the achievements of the renaissance of ophthalmology in the eighteenth century and presents them to the student and physician in an easily accessible and understandable way” (Hirschberg §480).
Plenck’s work was reissued twice in Latin, translated into Italian, German, and Portuguese [see Santa Anna (323)] and pirated by William Rowley in an English translation in 1790. Rowley’s plagiarism went undetected for forty years until Mackenzie alluded to it in a footnote in his textbook (241). However, it was not until 1910 that Hirschberg fully exposed Rowley’s plagiarism in his “Über ein abgeschriebenes Lehrbuch der Augenheilkunde,” Centralblatt für Praktische Augenheilkunde 34:2-14 (1910). See also Charles Snyder, “Why, William Rowley?” Archives of Ophthalmology 75:102-105 (1966).
Hirsch IV:632; Hirschberg §480.
300 Plenck, Joseph Jacob, Ritter von, 1738-1807.
[Ganka shin-sho]. Osaka: Gungyokudo; Kyoto: Kobundo, 1815-16.
6 v.: ill.; 26 cm.
For nearly two centuries before Perry’s expedition to Edo (Tokyo), the Dutch enjoyed exclusive access to Japan, and were the source of a subtle western influence on Japanese intellectual life. During the last seventy-five years of this period, the term rangaku was applied to the study of the Dutch language, as well as to Dutch (i.e. western) medicine, science, mathematics, etc.
The present work, entitled A new work on ophthalmology, is a translation of Plenck’s Verhandeling over de oogziekten (Rotterdam, 1787), the Dutch version of his Doctrina de morbis oculorum (299). Western ophthalmology was first introduced to Japan with the translation and publication of this work. The first five volumes contain the translation of Plenk’s text by Sugita Rikkyô (Shān-Tián, Lì-qīng). The sixth volume is a pathological and therapeutic supplement written by Sugita’s student Matsuda Kinsai (Sōng-Tián, Qín-zhái). The set is written in Chinese characters with Japanese reading marks, and is printed from woodblocks on rice paper. The first volume and the supplement are illustrated with woodcuts, many of which are hand-colored.
Huard, p. 158.
Plenck, Joseph Jacob, Ritter von, 1738-1807. Yan kē xīn shū.
See his Ganka shin-sho (300).