Washington University School of Medicine Oral History Project

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Mance Taylor
Mance Taylor in front of the Matron’s Office (Chief Nurse’s office) at Base Hospital 21, Rouen, France. In April 1918, Chief Nurse Julia Stimson left Base Hospital 21 to become head of the Red Cross Nursing Service in Paris. Mance Taylor, the Assistant Chief Nurse, and former head of the nursing school at St. Luke’s Hospital in St. Louis, succeeded Stimson as Chief Nurse of the unit. As was the custom of the British, the American Chief Nurse was called “Matron” and the nurses were called “sisters.” Mance Taylor, who was considerably shorter than Julia Stimson, was called “Little Matron.”