Bernard Becker Collection in Ophthalmology


Rare Books — #351 – 400

351 Spindler, Johann, 1777-1840.

Ueber Entzündungen des Auges und ihre Behandlung. Würzburg: J. Stahel, 1807.

[4], 158 p.; 20 cm. (8vo)

On the management of various inflammations of the eyes by a well-known German medical historian and ophthalmologist.

Hirschberg §530.

352 Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

Lehrbuch der praktischen Augenheilkunde. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1861.

xiii, 737 p., [3] plates: ill.; 23 cm.

Stellwag von Carion has never received adequate recognition among English-speaking historians for his importance to nineteenth century ophthalmology. His three-line obituary in the Ophthalmoscope, for instance, describes him simply as “a name more familiar to an older generation of ophthalmic surgeons.” He was not a great surgeon, but he was an outstanding teacher and researcher, and one of the most important figures in the great Viennese school of ophthalmology in the nineteenth century. His most widely successful work was the Lehrbuch. It was an extremely important textbook which was more reflective of the major developments in the two decades following the invention of the ophthalmoscope than any equivalent work of the period. This first edition was followed by four other German editions, and was translated in English, Italian and Hungarian.

Hirschberg §1249.

353 Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

Der intraoculare Druck und die Innervations-Verhältnisse der Iris vom augenärztlichen Standpunkte aus betrachtet. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1868.

vii, [1], 100 p.; 24 cm.

Hirsch V:413; Hirschberg §1249.

354 Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

Treatise on the diseases of the eye, including the anatomy of the organ. . . . Translated from the third German edition and edited by Charles E. Hackley . . . and D. B. St. John Roosa. . . . With an appendix by the editors. New York: William Wood & Co., 1868.

xiv, [2], 774 p., [3] plates: ill.; 23 cm.

The first American edition of Stellwag’s Lehrbuch der praktischen Augenheilkunde, translated from the third German edition. Successive editions of Stellwag’s textbook were not mere reprints of the preceding edition. Stellwag conscientiously included in each new edition the most recent developments in ophthalmology (excepting the 5th German edition, which was a simple reprint of the 4th). This edition, for instance, includes 150 pages of material not in the second German edition and substantial changes in almost every part of the work.

Hirsch V:413; Hirschberg §1249, 1250.

355 Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

Treatise on the diseases of the eye, including the anatomy of the organ. . . . Translated from the fourth German edition and edited by D. B. St. John Roosa . . . Charles S. Bull . . . and Charles E. Hackley. . . . Fourth revised and enlarged edition. New York: William Wood & Co., 1873.

[2], xvii, [3], 915 p., [4] plates: ill.; 24 cm.

It is possible that Stellwag’s textbook found more readers in England, the United States, Italy, and Hungary than in Austria and Germany, so wide was its appeal. This edition is based on the fourth and best German edition of 1870.

BOA I:200; Hirsch V:413.

356 Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der praktischen Augenheilkunde. Ergänzungen zum Lehrbuche. . . . Unter mitwirkung der Herren Prof. Dr. C. Wedl und Dr. E. Hampel. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1882.

xii, 387 p.; 23 cm.

The fifth and final edition of Stellwag’s Lehrbuch was published in 1882. Rather than entirely re-edit the work, Stellwag chose to complement it with a volume of eight essays on various topics. The second essay in this collection, “Zur pathologischen Anatomie des Glaukoms,” was written by Carl Wedl. A second series, Neue Abhandlungen (357), was issued in 1886.

Hirsch V:413; Hirschberg §1249, 1250.

357 Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

Neue Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der praktischen Augenheilkunde. Ergänzungen zum Lehrbuche. . . . Unter Mitwirkung der Herren . . . Dr. Emil Bock und Dr. Ludwig Herz. Vienna: Wilhelm Braumüller, 1886.

viii, 297 p.: ill.; 23 cm.

The second series of essays published by Stellwag to complement his Lehrbuch der praktischen Augenheilkunde, the final edition of which was published in 1882. This volume is divided into two parts: the first on entropium and ektropium; the second on the surgical treatment of cataract. The first series of Abhandlungen (356) was published in 1882.

Hirsch V:414; Hirschberg §1249, 1250.

Stellwag von Carion, Karl, 1823-1904.

See also Wedl (409).

358 Steno, Nicolaus, 1638-1686.

De solido intra solidum naturaliter contento dissertationis prodromus. Leyden: J. Moukee, 1679.

115, [4] p., 2 plates (wanting); 14 cm. (12mo)

Bound with (359).

The second edition of Steno’s famous work on the principles of geology written as the prelude to a larger work which was never published.

Osler 4023.

359 Steno, Nicolaus, 1638-1686.

Observationes anatomicae, quibus varia oris, oculorum, & narium vasa describuntur, novique salivae, lacrymarum & muci fontes deteguntur. Et novum nobilissimi Bilsii de lymphae motu & usu commentum examinatur & rejicitur. Leyden: P. de Graaf, 1680.

[12], 108 p., [3] plates; 14 cm. (12mo)

Bound with (358).

Niels Stensen or Steensen, known by the Latin form Steno which he adopted, was a seventeenth century Danish anatomist, geologist, and theologian. Steno studied medicine in Copenhagen under Bartholinus, in Leyden with Sylvius, and later with Balsius in Amsterdam. His earliest researches focused on the glandular and lymphatic systems, and his work in this period laid the anatomical foundation for an understanding of the entire lacrimal system. He discovered the ducts of the lacrimal gland in a sheep’s head and deduced that the ‘innominated gland’ secreted tears. He “determined the purpose of the lachrymal fluid—to facilitate the movement and cleansing of the eyelids on the same principle that applied to the saliva and the mucous membrane of the intestinal canals. He grouped the afferent and efferent lachrymal ducts around the tear gland proper and what was then called glandula lacrimalis, in the inner eye corner” (DicSciBio13:31-32).

Hirschberg §305; Waller 9227.

360 Stephenson, Sidney, 1862-1923.

Ophthalmic nursing. London: The Scientific Press, 1894.

xiii, [3], 188 p.: ill.; 19 cm.

Stephenson was well known in Britain at the turn of the century both as an ocular surgeon and for his public health work in epidemic ophthalmia and trachoma. He is probably best known, however, as the founder and editor of The Ophthalmoscope (1903-16), which merged in 1917 with the Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital Reports and the Ophthalmic Review to form the British Journal of Ophthalmology. Stephenson was editor of this new publication for its first seven volumes. Ophthalmic nursing is Stephenson’s most important book. A second edition was published in 1902 and a third in 1912.

361 Stephenson, Sidney, 1862-1923.

Contagious ophthalmia: acute and chronic. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox, 1900.

vi, [7]-84 p., [1] plate: ill.; 19 cm.

BOA I:200; Fischer II:1503.

362 Stevenson, John, 1778-1846.

On the morbid sensibility of the eye, commonly called weakness of sight. London: J. Gillet for S. Highley, 1811.

[4], 108 p.; 22 cm. (8vo)

Just as the title of this book contains little more than an indication of a symptom of disease, the work itself offers little beyond random observations on weakness of sight. Stevenson presents a history of some diseases, chiefly inflammation of the posterior chamber, where this “morbid sensibility of the eye” is merely a symptom, as it is in the great proportion of diseases of the eye. The author rightly opposed the common and unsuccessful treatment of ocular affections by tonic medicines and employed an opposite mode of treatment, by bleeding, purgatives, and an antiphlogistic regimen.

Hirschberg §632a.

363 Stevenson, John, 1778-1846.

A practical treatise on cataract. London: W. Thorne for Highley & Son & Longmans, 1813.

[8], 123, [1] p., [1] plate; 24 cm. (8vo)

Stevenson studied with Saunders (326) and in 1830 established the Royal Infirmary for Cataract. His career was sufficiently distinguished to win him a place as oculist and aurist to William IV and later to Leopold I, King of the Belgians. “Stevenson undertook to operate upon cases of cataract at an earlier period than was thought advisable by other surgeons, and his infirmary was founded with the express design of carrying out his mode of treatment” (DicNatBio 18:1125).

Hirschberg §632a.

364 Stilling, Benedict, 1810-1879.

Die künstliche Pupillenbildung in der Sclerotica. Nebst einem Anhange über die Verpflanzung der Hornhaut, Keratoplastik. Marburg: N. G. Elwert, 1833.

xvi, 143, [1] p., [1] plate; 21 cm.

Stilling took his medical degree at Marburg in 1833 with a dissertation entitled De pupilla artificiali in sclerotica conformanda. The present work is a greatly expanded, largely rewritten German edition of this highly original dissertation. It is illustrated with a single hand-colored copperplate engraving. Shastid in the American Encyclopedia of Ophthalmology (XVI:12260) gives the following description of the original Latin edition: “In this dissertation Stilling describes the first (his own) successful attempt at the transplantation of corneal tissue into an opening in the sclera. Dieffenbach had, in 1830, made the same attempt, but without success. Stilling performed his experiment on the rabbit. The transplanted cornea not only grew tight to its position, but remained transparent.”

Waller 9256.

365 Stratford, Samuel John.

A manual of the anatomy, physiology, & diseases of the eye and its appendages. London: T. Wood for Longmans, 1828.

xiv, [2], 199, [1] p., [1] plate; 22 cm.

“Mr. Stratford’s book is evidently the production of a practical man, who writes from what he has seen; hence the descriptions of the various diseases are accurate, and the plans of treatment recommended highly appropriate. The student will find it highly useful. We are sorry that we cannot extend our praise to the plates; without the text, it would be difficult to say what they were intended to represent. The author will do well also, in the next edition (which we believe will soon be called for) to correct the numerous typographical errors which exist” (The Lancet, October 18, 1828, p. 87). A second edition was apparently never called for.

BOA II:103.

366 Stromayr, Caspar, 16th cent.

Die Handschrift des Schnitt-und Augenarztes Caspar Stromayr in Lindau im Bodensee. In der Lindauer Handschrift (P.I.46) vom 4. Juli 1559. Mit einer historischen Einführung und Wertung von Walter von Brunn. Berlin: Idra-Verlagsanstalt, 1925.

xxvii, [1], 194 p., [195]-364 leaves; 24 cm.

Little is known of the life of the author beyond the fact that he specialized as a cutter of hernia and a coucher of cataract. Written in 1559, the manuscript escaped notice for 350 years in the city library of Lindau until it was resurrected in 1909 and published in this facsimile edition through the efforts of Walter von Brunn, the noted surgical historian. Primarily a surgical work dealing with hernia, the manuscript includes a section on the anatomy and surgery of the eye.

Hirsch V:458.

Sturm, Johann Christoph, 1635-1703, praeses.

Iridis admiranda.

See Volckamer (393).

Sugita, Rikkyô, 1786-1846, trans.

See Plenck (300).

Sutton, Samuel, fl. 1743.

See Mead (254).

367 System of diseases of the eye.

By American, British, Dutch, French, German, and Spanish authors. Edited by William F. Norris . . . and Charles A. Oliver. Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1900 (c1896-99).

4 v. (xvii, [2], [7]-672 p., [22] plates; [2] , ix, [1] , [11]-556 p., [12] plates; xii, 962 p., [44] plates; xii, 949 p., [38] plates): ill.; 25 cm.

The first “system” of the diseases of the eye in the English language. The editors’ intention was to compile a work that would occupy a place in English ophthalmic literature equivalent to that held in German by the Handbuch der gesammten Augenheilkunde of Graefe and Saemisch, and in French by the Traité complet d’ophtalmologie of Wecker and Landolt (408.1).

Chance, p. 183-84; Hirschberg §767.

368 T., A.

A rich storehouse or treasurie for the diseased. Wherein are many approved medicines for divers and sundry diseases, which have beene long hidden and not come to light before this time. First set foorth for the benefit and comfort of the poorer sort of people, that are not of ability to goe to the phisitions. By G. W. And now sixtly augmented and inlarged by A. T. London: R. Blower, 1616.

[14], 68, 99-176 leaves; 18 cm. (4to)

The initials of the original author (A. T.) and the ‘augmentor’ (G. W.) were interchanged in both the fifth (1612) and sixth editions. The identity of A. T., a practitioner of “physicke and chirurgerie” and G. W. remains a mystery, though Charles Singer has suggested that the latter was the well-known poet George Whetstone. The book is a compendium of popular medicine which contains remedies and advice to “the poorer sort of people” for all the commoner diseases. Readers are cautioned against “things very hurtful for the sight” such as “garlicke, onyons and leekes . . . much weeping, and over much watching” and encouraged “to look upon any greene or pleasant coulours.”

STC 23609.

369 Tagliacozzi, Gaspare, 1545-1599.

De curtorum chirurgia per insitionem, libri duo. In quibus ea omnia, quae ad huius chirurgiae, narium scilicet, aurium, ac labiorum per insitionem restaurandorum cum theoricen, tum practicen pertinere videbantur, clarissima methodo cumulatissimè declarantur. Additis cutis traducis instrumentorum omnium, atque deligationum iconibus, & tabulis. . . . Venice: G. Bindon, jr., 1597.

[28], 94, [2], 95, [1], 47, [33] p.: ill.; 32 cm.

The greatest classic in the history of plastic surgery, known especially for its description of rhinoplasty. Described are Tagliacozzi’s methods of correcting facial deformities by skin grafting, illustrated with twenty-two full-page woodcuts depicting each stage of the operation for the restoration of the nose, ears and lips.

This is the state without the license on the verso of the title-page. Neither woodcut XII nor the explanatory text for woodcut XVI are printed, though the leaves are present with the appropriate printing on their opposite sides. Page 51 of “Liber secundus”is misnumbered page 53. Page 52 is correctly numbered, though in another state page 52 is misnumbered page 54. Extra engraved title-page.

Cushing T16; Durling 4310; G-M 5734; Gnudi; Harvard II:488; Heirs236; Manchester 2390; Pybus 2088; Waller 9451; Wellcome I:6210.

370 Taylor, John, 1703-1772.

An account of the mechanism of the eye. Wherein its power of refracting the rays of light, and causing them to converge at the retina, is consider’d: with an endeavor to ascertain the true place of a cataract, and to shew the good or ill consequences of a judicious or injudicious removal of it. Norwich: H. Cross-grove, 1727.

ix, l0-74 p., [1] plate: port.; 19 cm. (8vo)

John Taylor, commonly known as the ‘Chevalier,’ was the most famous eighteenth century itinerant oculist and one of the most striking medical personalities of that century. This was Taylor’s first published work and it is notable for its freedom from the extravagant and pretentious claims which mark his later works. Taylor offers a brief account of the anatomy of the eye, the true nature of cataract, and a description of a common couching operation, noting the usual attending complications. The bibliography of Taylor and Tayloriana is tortuous, immense, and still largely uncharted. The best account of his life and perhaps the fullest bibliography is George Coats’s “The Chevalier Taylor,” Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital Reports 20:1-92 (1915), reprinted in R. R. James’s Studies in the history of ophthalmology in England prior to the year 1800 (Cambridge: University Press for the British Journal of Ophthalmology, 1933).

Hirschberg §366A, 437, 840.

Taylor, John, 1703-1772.

See also The English impostor . . . (123).

371 Taylor, John, 1703-1772.

Le mechanisme ou le nouveau traité de l’anatomie du globe de l’oeil, avec l’usage de ses différentes parties, & de celles qui lui sont contiguës. Paris: M. E. David, 1738.

[8], vii, [l], 413, [3] p., 6 plates: port.; 20 cm. (8vo)

Notwithstanding Samuel Johnson’s claim that Taylor was the most ignorant man he had ever known, he did produce this complete treatise on the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the eye. Taylor also discussed optics and refraction as they related to the phenomenon of vision making this, according to Hirschberg, one of the earliest ophthalmological works to include such subjects. Of great interest to the historian and bibliographer is the catalogue of authors (p. 371-387) which includes forty-four references to works on the anatomy of the eye, and sixty-six to its diseases.

Hirschberg §366A, 437, 840; Waller 9502.

372 Taylor, John, 1703-1772.

Tractat von Augenkrankheiten, nebst einem Briefe des Herrn von L*** über die Kunst das Gesicht in gutem Zustand zu erhalten, wie auch die Schwachheiten desselben zu vermeiden. . . . Frankfurt und Leipzig: s.n., 1750.

9, 8-70 p.; 17 cm. (8vo)

The pretentious but well-connected Chevalier Taylor made his first trip to Germany in 1750, during which time this small tract was published.

Blake, p. 446.

372.1 Taylor, John, 1703-1772.

Saggio sopra la vera sede della visione con una critica de’sentimenti degli antichi, e moderni del Cavaliere di Taylor . . . inventore del nuovo modo di ristabilire la vista perduta per varj vizj nell’asse dell’occhio, et autore di molte opere, scritte in varie lingue. Rome: s.n., 1755.

[4], 5-55, [1] p.; 17 cm. (8vo)

Partial contents: XLV domande (p. 41-51).

Tenner, Adolf.

See Selected monographs (338.1).

373 Tenon, Jacques Rene, 1724-1816.

Mémoires et observations sur l’anatomie, la pathologie, et la chirurgie. Paris: Widow of Nyon, 1806.

xxiv, 496 p., 7 plates; 20 cm. (8vo)

A collection of twenty-five memoirs by a celebrated Parisian anatomist, surgeon, and ophthalmologist. The first eleven essays deal with ophthalmological subjects and include his “Observations anatomiques sur quelques parties de l’oeil et des paupieres” (p. [193]-207) which presents his famous description of the fibrous capsule and the interfascial space of the orbit. Known to anatomists since Galen as the ‘tunica adnata,’ details of the fascia surrounding the eyeball were first discovered and adequately described by Tenon in this work. His investigations were largely forgotten until the strabismus operation, introduced by Dieffenbach (110) and Bonnet (54) and Dalrymple (90), revived anatomical investigations of the orbit. Tenon’s observations and descriptions are eponymously recognized in “Tenon’s capsule” and “Tenon’s space.” It is interesting to note that Tenon was an octogenarian when his major ophthalmological writings were published.

Hirschberg §365; Waller 9515.

Textor, Benoît, fl. 1530-1556.

“Of the nature and divers kinds of cancers or cankers.”

See Banister (32).

Thomassin, Jean François, 1750-1828.

See Pellier de Quengsy (292).

374 Thomin, Marc Mitouflet, 1707-1752.

Instruction sur l’usage des lunettes ou conserves, pour toutes sortes de vues. Marques auxquelles on peut connoître si les vues longues ordinaires ont besoin de conserves ou lunettes, des verres convexes qui leur conviennent, & des verres concaves qui sont propres aux vues courtes. Methode pour se conserver la vue; avec une dissertation sur ce que les personnes âgées la recouvrent quelquefois dans un âge avancé. Paris: C. Lamesle, 1746.

130, [2] p.; 17 cm. (12mo)

Written for the general public by an optician and mirror-maker, this treatise discusses the preservation of vision and the use of spectacles for the correction of imperfect sight. The corrective properties of various convex and concave lenses are described. A hand-colored engraving by Larmessin (Print 4) depicts the costume and wares of such an eighteenth century craftsman.

BOA I:210; Waller 9558.

374.1 Thomin, Marc Mitouflet, 1707-1752.

Traité d’optique mechanique, dans lequel on donne les régles & les proportions qu’il faut observer pour faire toutes sortes de lunettes d’approche, microscopes simples & composés, & autres ouvrages qui dépendent de l’art. Avec une instruction sur l’usage des lunettes ou conserves pour toutes sortes de vûes. Paris: J. B. Coignard; A. Boudet, 1749.

xii, 372, [4] p., 4 folding plates; 20 cm. (8vo)

Provenance: G. L. Chanaud (bookstamp).

“An eighteenth century treatise [in two parts] on mechanical optics, containing rules and proportions for making all kinds of spectacles [and] microscopes . . . [followed by instructions] for the use of glasses for the different kinds of defects” (BOA I:210).

The volume is a decorative example of eighteenth century book art with its fine copperplates, engraved title vignette, woodcut initials, and head- and tail-pieces. The original marbled endpapers and full leather binding with gold-tooling on the spine complement the typographical beauty of the book.

BM 161:578; BOA I:210; NUC 388:209; Poggendorff II:1097.

375 Thomson, Spencer, fl. 1848-1883.

The structure and functions of the eye, illustrative of the power, wisdom and goodness of God. London: Groombridge and Sons, 1857.

xv, [16]-272 p.: ill.; 19 cm.

A popular work on the anatomy of the eye and the physiology of vision. The illustrations were newly engraved after originals in the works of Zinn, Bowman, Carpenter, Müller and others. Thomson was the author of several other popular works on medicine and botany.

BOA I:211.

376 Thorington, James, 1858-1944.

Retinoscopy (or shadow test) in the determination of refraction at one meter distance, with the plane mirror. . . . Second edition, revised and enlarged. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1898.

xv, [1], 9-72 p.: ill.; 21 cm.

This small volume was one of the first books in which the “shadow test” was clearly explained. Its usefulness to the profession is attested by the fact that it went through nine printings of six editions between 1897 and 1913.

Hirschberg §1031.

377 Thurneisser zum Thurn, Leonhard, 1531-1596.

Βεβαιωσις αγωνισμου das ist Confirmatio concertationis oder ein Bestettigung desz jenigen so streittig, häderig, oder zenckisch ist, wie dann ausz Unverstandt die neuwe und vor unerhörte Erfindung der aller nützlichesten und menschlichem Geschlecht der notturftigesten Kunst desz Harnnprobirens ein Zeitlang gewest ist . . . in dreyzehen kurtzer Büecher an Tag geben. Berlin: Grauwen Closter, 1576.

[6], 107 leaves, 2 plates: ill.; 31 cm. (fol.)

Chemist, adventurer and follower of Paracelsus, Thurneisser zum Thurn started out as a goldsmith’s apprentice. After unsuccessfully passing bricks of tin coated with gold as gold bars, he began a life of wide travels and successive adventures. He became inspector of mines in the Tyrol, and after curing the wife of the Elector of Brandenburg of a desperate illness, became his personal physician in 1578. In Berlin he made his fortune in usury, astrology, pretended alchemical miracles and secret medicaments, only to end his life in a convent in Cologne, alone and in poverty.

This work on a variety of medical topics is interestingly illustrated with many woodcuts, several of which reveal interior and exterior views of the body through overlapping woodcut flaps.

Durling 4352; Grässe 6:154.

Tiedemann, Friedrich, 1781-1861, praeses.

See Muck (265.1).

Tomasini, Jacopo Filippo, 1597-1654.

“Hieronymi Fabricii ab Aquapendente vita.”

See Fabricius ab Aquapendente (132).

377.1 Tournier, J. Th. Alexandre.

Coup-d’oeil sur les spécialités morbides et thérapeutiques; thése présentée et soutenue à la Faculté de Médecine de Paris, le 11 août 1827; par J.-Th.-Alexandre Tournier, d’Oizon, Département du Cher; docteur en médecine; bachelier ès-lettres; Élève de l’École pratique; ancien Élève des hôpitaux militaires. Paris: Didot le jeune, 1827.

40 p.; 28 cm. (4to)

Provenance: Inscribed by the author to Rigondet.

BM 240:511.

378 Traber, Zacharias, 1611-1679.

Nervus opticus sive tractatus theoricus, in tres libros opticam catoptricam dioptricam distributus. In quibus radiorum â lumine, vel objecto per medium diaphanum processus, natura, proprietates, & effectus, selectis, & rarioribus experientiis, figuris, demonstrationibusque exhibentur. Vienna: J. C. Cosmerovin, 1675.

[24], 225, [1] p., 33 plates; 33 cm. (fol.)

Published in the same year that Isaac Newton (273) was making his great advances in the study of light, this encyclopedic and lavishly illustrated book is a classic on optics, combining both physical and physiological optics. The anatomy and physiology of the eye and the physical properties of light are dealt with extensively. There is a great deal of historical information about the development of the science from Aristotle to the work of such contemporaries as Kepler (216.1), Kircher (217), Aguilon (6) and Scheiner (331, 332). Traber’s analysis is particularly advanced in the areas of refraction of light and the theory of color vision. The author was professor of mathematics at Vienna and later rector of the Jesuit seminary there. His scientific work is described in Scriptores provinciae Austriacae Societatis Jesu . . . Tomus primus (Vienna, 1855). The book itself is an extremely fine example of the press of Johann Christoph Cosmerovin.

Countway 9:794.

Tractatus de egritudinibus oculorum ex dictis sapientium veterum compillatis.

Ejusdem tractatus de quibusdam dubiis circa dicta oculorum concurrentibus. (Fragmentum). Publiés pour la première fois et précédés d’un aperçu sur la pratique de l’oculistique au moyen âge.

In Collectio ophthalmologica veterum auctorum (82), fasc. 6.

379 Travers, Benjamin, 1783-1858.

A synopsis of the diseases of the eye, and their treatment: to which are prefixed, a short anatomical description and a sketch of the physiology of that organ. London: G. Woodfall for Longmans, 1820.

xix, [1], 425 p., 6 plates; 22 cm. (8vo)

“The earliest systematic treatise in English on diseases of the eye. The book became the authority in Europe and America. Travers, a pupil of Sir Astley Cooper, became surgeon to St. Thomas’s Hospital” (G-M 5843). Travers succeeded Saunders (326) as surgeon to the London Infirmary for Diseases of the Eye and was the first hospital surgeon in England to dedicate himself entirely to the study of the eye. The present work was the result of his observations at the Eye Infirmary. Travers’s Synopsis quickly went through three English editions, an Italian translation by Dr. Apolloni, and an American edition edited by Dr. Delafield. An appendix (p. [381]-389) contains an essay by Christian Salamon entitled “Observations on some points of the anatomy of the eye.”

BOA I:214; G-M 5843; Hirschberg §448, 636; Waller 9661.

380 Treviranus, Gottfried Reinhold, 1776-1837.

Beiträge zur Anatomie und Physiologie der Sinneswerkzeuge des Menschen und der Thiere. Erstes Heft. Beitrage zur Lehre von den Ge-sichtswerkzeugen und dem Sehen des Menschen und der Thiere. Bremen: J. G. Heyse, 1828.

91, [1] p., 4 plates; 40 cm.

Although planned as a thorough work on the anatomy and physiology of the sense organs, only the present volume was ever published. It deals with the mechanism of eyesight in humans and animals and includes tables on the dimensions of the eye and illustrations of different parts of the eye after the author’s own drawings. Treviranus was the first to describe the retinal layers, but he inverted them and showed the optic nerve fibers on the outside facing the choroid.

Hirschberg §1017.

381 Trnka von Kržowitz, Wenzel, 1739-1791.

Historia amauroseos omnis aevi observata medica continens. Vienna: R. Graeffer, 1781.

[8], 705, [30] p.; 21 cm. (8vo)

An elaborate historical account of blindness from various causes. This work is characteristic of the author’s meticulous and laborious approach to such studies. This is but one of a number of historical compilations on aspects of medicine written by this Bohemian anatomist and surgeon.

Hirschberg §480.

382 Trnka von Kržowitz, Wenzel, 1739-1791.

Historia ophthalmiae omnis aevi observata medica continens. Vienna: Widow of C. Landerer for R. Graeffer, 1783.

[16], 592, [16] p.; 18 cm. (8vo)

Trnka’s principal ophthalmological writing, valuable for its numerous references to authors now little known. An index to the authors and subjects cited is provided, thereby increasing the usefulness of this work.

Hirschberg §480.

382.1 Troja, Michele, 1747-1827.

Lezioni intorno alle malattie degli occhi ad uso della nuova Università eretta da RE N.S. nel Regio Spedale degl’ Incurabili. Naples: Stamperia Simoniana, 1780.

xii, 463 p., 2 plates; 19 cm. (8vo)

A collection of lectures originally delivered by Michele Troja in 1779 at the Hospital for Incurables in Naples. Troja was chief-surgeon and lecturer on ophthalmology in this hospital until 1781 when he became surgeon to the royal court. In 1799 he followed the royal family to Sicily, but soon returned to Naples, where he worked as chief-surgeon in two hospitals and was among the founders of the Institution for the Education of the Blind.

The first part of the Lezioni deals with the structure of the eye, as well as the principles of optics and vision. The second part discusses the diseases of the adnexa oculi, and the third, the diseases of the eyeball. According to Hirschberg, the book was hard to obtain in Germany at the time, and it was quite rare even in Italy (cf. §407).

AmEncOph XVII:13094; Blake, p. 459; NUC 602:83; Hirsch V:642; Hirschberg §407.

Tscherning, Marius Hans Erik, 1854-1939, ed. & trans.

See Young (423.2).

383 Tyrrell Frederick, 1797-1843.

A practical work on the diseases of the eye, and their treatment, medically, topically, and by operation. London: Metcalf for J. Churchill, 1840.

2 v. ([2], lviii, 533, [1] p., [5] plates; [2], xii, 566 p., [4] plates); 23 cm.

The author was nephew and pupil of Sir Astley Cooper, and for the last twenty years of his life, surgeon at the London Infirmary for Diseases of the Eye. A peculiar feature of this work is the almost total absence of any reference to the work of others. Saunders (326) and Farre (ibid.) receive passing notice, but the work of the author’s immediate predecessors at the Eye Infirmary, Travers (379) and Lawrence (231.1-233.1), goes completely unrecognized. This absence of historical material provided the focus for the criticisms of the work which appeared in the London Medical Gazette [27:245-248 (1840)] and The Lancet [2:449-457 (1839-1840)]. The Lancet reviewer concluded, “Had we, ourselves, proceeded on the principle pursued by Mr. Tyrrell, we should not have reviewed his writings at all.”

BOA I:217; Hirschberg §638.

Udall, Nicholas, 1505-1556, trans.

See Geminus (151).

383.1 Ueber Augen, Augenübel, Kurzsichtig-und Weitsichtigkeit, Brillen und Fern- gläser.

Oder: Kurze Anweisung, ein gutes Gesicht zu erhalten und ein mangelhaftes zu verbessern. Aus den Schriften bewährter Augenärzte und Optiker gezogen. Eichstädt: J. M. Beyer; Leipzig: J. A. Barth, 1824.

vi, [2], 94 p., [1] color plate; 20 cm.

Inscription and provenance: “O selig, wer so die Kultur in ihrem Festgewande sehen und empfinden kann. J. Georgios Goettlich, parochus” (verso of front cover).

NUC 606:543.

384 Vallez, Prosper Josephus, fl. 1841-1866.

Traité théorique et pratique de médecine oculaire, comprenant l’historique de l’ophthalmologie, l’anatomie descriptive, la physiologie, la physique, l’hygiène, l’ophthalmoscopie, la pathologie, et la thérapie des parties constituantes de l’oeil. Brussels: Janssens-Deffosse, 1853.

[4], v, [1], [5]-592 p.; 23 cm.

A general treatise on the eye and its diseases by an obscure Belgian ophthalmologist. Vallez makes no mention of Helmholtz’s ophthalmoscope. The word l’ophthalmoscopie on the title-page refers simply to the examination of the eye, not ophthalmoscopy. In the preface the author states that ocular surgery is not included in this volume because of the number of treatises already available on the subject. Nonetheless Vallez published a surgical sequel to this volume in 1858 (385).

Hirschberg §801.

385 Vallez, Prosper Josephus, fl. 1841-1866.

Traité théorique et pratique de la chirurgie de l’oeil et de ses dépendances. Brussels: Les principaux libraires, 1858.

xviii, 642 p.; 22 cm.

The surgical complement to Vallez’s earlier treatise on ophthalmology (384). The work is divided into three sections: the first on surgical instruments; the second on the surgery of the globe; and the last on the surgery of the palpebrae, lacrymal apparatus and orbit. Remedying the defect of his earlier work, mention is made here of the ophthalmoscope (in the second chapter). In general Vallez’s works are nondescript productions which have left their author in deserved obscurity.

Hirschberg §801.

Van Mons, Charles Jacques, 1800-1836, jt. author.

See Vleminckx (392).

Vater, Christian, 1651-1732, praeses.

See Oertel (280).

386 Veasey, Clarence Archibald, 1869-1957.

Ophthalmic operations as practiced on animals’ eyes. Philadelphia: The Edwards & Docker Co., 1896.

viii, [9]-99 p.: ill.; 19 cm.

“A concise account of operations performed on animals’ eyes to enable students of ophthalmology to become acquainted with the technique of the various operative procedures” (BOA I:218).

BOA I:218.

386.1 Verdet, Émile, 1824-1866.

Leçons d’optique physique . . . publiées par M. A. Levistal. Paris: Imprimerie impériale, 1869-70.

2 v. ([4], iii, [1], 584; [4], 648 p.): ill., diagrs.; 24 cm.

Series: Oeuvres de É. Verdet publiées par les soins de ses éléves; v. V-VI.

“Lessons in physical optics dealing with reflection, refraction, interference, the polarization of light and a résumé of geometrical optics” (BOA I:218).

Émile Verdet was a lecturer at a teachers’ training college and also professor at the École Polytechnique in Paris. He published several works on physics and chemistry in the 1860s.

BOA I:218; NUC 633:121; Poggendorff III:1387 (vol. 2: 1872).

387 Vesalius, Andreas, 1514-1564.

De humani corporis fabrica libri septem. [Facsimile reprint] Brussels: Culture et Civilisation, 1964 (Basel: J. Oporinus, 1543).

[4], [12], 661, 658-659, [37] p., 2 tables: ill., port.; 42 cm.

“By this epoch-making work Vesalius, the ‘Father of Modern Anatomy,’ prepared the way for the rebirth of physiology by Harvey. More important still, he undermined the widespread reverence for authority in science and prepared the way for independent observation in anatomy and clinical medicine. The publication of this book was the greatest event in medical history since the work of Galen” (G-M 375). There was, in fact, little on the visual system in Vesalius’s magnum opus that was not mentioned by Galen. However, he did show the crystalline lens was not the seat of vision and that when removed, the lens produced an apparent enlargement of objects when looked at through it, much like a convex lens of glass. This copy is number 1887.

Hirschberg §305.

Vesalius, Andreas, 1514-1564.

See Geminus (151).

388 Vespa, Giuseppe, 1727-1804.

Lettera . . . scritta ad un amico, in occasione d’un nuovo strumento inventato per tagliare la cornea lucide nel fare l’operazione della cateratta per estrazione. Florence: Moucke, 1769.

xxviii p., [l] plate; 21 cm. (8vo)

This uncommon tract is in the form of a letter addressed to a friend of the author’s, apparently an English surgeon, who had claimed that Vespa’s instrument was copied from one owned by him. Vespa, better known for his work in obstetrics, had spent several years in Paris as a student of Levret, where presumably he developed this new instrument for extracting cataract. References are made in the letter to Daviel (2), Morand (2), Wincel (probably Wenzel), and to the instrument maker, Cheret. A fine copperplate, tinted in blue, illustrates different views of the instrument and its surgical application.

388.1 Vetch, John, 1783-1835.

An account of the ophthalmia which has appeared in England since the return of the British Army from Egypt. London: C. Stower for Longman, Hurst, Rees and Orme, 1807.

viii, 141, [3] p., [1] color plate; 23 cm.

Publishers’ advertisement on the last two pages.

An early work by John Vetch containing the first description of Egyptian ophthalmia, subsequently named trachoma by the Danish physician Bendz. The book describes the symptoms, treatment, and prevention of the disease. Appendices include exact accounts on the “time of attack and duration of pain” in certain cases (Appendix I); recipes for a lotion, a cream, and a wash for ulcerous sores (Appendix II); and a “diet-table of regimental hospitals” (Appendix III). A German translation by H. S. Michaelis was published in 1817.

“Vetch was born in East Lothian (Scotland) and studied in Edinburgh; he graduated as a doctor of medicine in 1804 and then served for a long time in the army; he dedicated his activities to caring for soldiers affected with the so-called Egyptian ophthalmia (in the Ophthalmic Detachments and in the general hospital for the ophthalmic cases in the army)” (Hirschberg §629).

AmEncOph XVIII:13548; Callisen XX:111-112; Dawson 6893; G-M 5839; Hirsch V:741; Hirschberg §629; NUC 635:326.

389 Vetch, John, 1783-1835.

Observations relative to the treatment by Sir William Adams, of the ophthalmic cases of the army. London: J. Davy for J. Callow, 1818.

26 p.; 22 cm. (8vo)

John Vetch and Sir William Adams (4, 4.1) were the principals in a bitter controversy which arose in 1817 and 1818 over the nature and treatment of Egyptian ophthalmia. The controversy was touched off by Adams whose prolix and confused Letter to the Right Honourable and Honourable the Directors of Grenwich Hospital (1817) not only advocated a violent and unsound treatment of ophthalmia with strong emetics but also falsely claimed priority for his treatment of the third stage of this disease, and sought for his services some gesture of national gratitude. In this brief reply Vetch delivered a concise and convincing statement of the facts which all but destroyed Adams’s pretensions and claims for both priority of discovery and a Parliamentary grant.

Hirschberg §629.

390 Vetch, John, 1783-1835.

A practical treatise on the diseases of the eye. London: Cox and Baylis for the author and Burgess & Hill, 1820.

x, [2], 267, [1] p., 3 plates; 23 cm. (8vo)

In the present work Vetch presents a systematic treatise on the prognosis and treatment of ocular affections, particularly ophthalmic inflammations and ophthalmia. The second part of the work contains a full history of the Egyptian ophthalmia which was so devastating to the British and French armies during the Napoleonic campaigns.

BOA I:218; Hirschberg §629.

Vitelo (Vitellio, Vitellius), 13th cent.

See Witelo (422.1).

391 Vittori, Leonello, d. 1520.

Practica medicinalis . . . liber de medendis morbis membrorum omnium totius corporis humani, nunquam antea in lucem aeditus. Hoc opus novum et ante hac nullibi excusum Joannes Kufnerus Trochoreus . . . brevibus scholiis illustravit. Qui & Leonellum ipsum, ne vota studiosorum diutius remoraretur, in salutem male habentium orbi communicavit. Ingolstadt: A. Weissenhorn, 1545.

[8], 187, [1], 107, [1] leaves; 20 cm. (4to)

Vittori, a native of Faenza in the Romagne, studied medicine at Bologna where he later became professor of logic, philosophy, and medicine. His writings are thoroughly in the Arabic tradition and in this work he draws heavily on Avicenna’s Canon. Several chapters (fol. 47-57) deal with vision and diseases of the eye.

Durling 4672.

392 Vleminckx, Jean François, 1800-1876.

Essai sur l’ophthalmie de l’armée des Pays-Bas. Brussels: C. J. Demat’s Son; H. Remy, 1825.

[4], vi, 119, [1] p., [1] table; 21 cm.

Both Hirschberg and Hirsch mention the sensation caused by the present book which marks the beginning of Belgian ophthalmology. It deals with the outbreak of “military ophthalmia” which had struck the Belgian army since 1815. The authors maintain that the disease is independent of the Egyptian ophthalmy which had been introduced by the soldiers returning from Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign. Vleminckx became a prominent physician at Brussels and was instrumental in the foundation of the Ophthalmological Institute of Brabant in 1848.

Hirschberg §790.

393 Volckamer, Christopher Theophilus, fl. 1700, respondent.

Θαυμαντιαδος θαυμασια sive iridis admiranda sub rationis accuratius examen revocata eruditorumq[ue] ventilationi publicae in Alma Altdorffina Universitate exposita sub praesido M. Joh. Christophori Sturmii. Nürnberg: W. M. Endter, 1699.

[2], 185 p., [4] plates; 23 cm. (4to)

Volder, Burchardus de, 1643-1709, ed.

See Huygens (199).

394 Voltaire, François Marie Arouet de, 1694-1778.

Elémens de la philosophie de Neuton. Mis à portée de tout le monde. Amsterdam: J. Desbordes, 1738.

2, [2], 399, [1] p., [7] plates: ill., port.; 18 cm. (8vo)

More than any other eighteenth century work, Voltaire’s Elémens made popular the ideas and spirit of Newtonian science among the educated populace of Europe. Though devoted principally to optics, Voltaire also discusses Newton’s theory of gravity and his cosmology. The volume is illustrated with seven engraved plates, numerous illustrations in the text, and beautifully engraved head- and tail-pieces wholly in the spirit of the best book decoration of the period. This copy bears the bookplate of Lytton Strachey, with notes in the hand of his friend Roger Senhouse, including the comment, “Seldom have science and literature been joined in so beautiful a book.”

Lacking frontis. portrait. See also Newton (273), Algarotti (7), and Banières (31).

Wallis 155.1.

Wagner, Albrecht, 1827-1871.

See Selected monographs (338.1).

Walaeus, Johannes, 1604-1649.

“Epistolae duae. De motu chyli, et sanguinis ad Thomam Bartholinum.”

In Bartholin (33).

Waldeyer-Hartz, Wilhelm, von, 1836-1921.

See Wecker (408.1).

395 Walker, John, 1803?-1847.

The principles of ophthalmic surgery; being an introduction to a knowledge of the structure, functions, and diseases of the eye: embracing new views of the physiology of the organ of vision. London: S. Bentley for J. Taylor, 1834.

xii, 195 p.; 18 cm.

A slender but concise and comprehensive volume which was well received by the reviewers in the leading medical journals and by the profession. An appendix provides an excellent glossary of all the terms generally employed in ophthalmic surgery, with their etymology, and German and French synonyms.

Hirschberg §678.

396 Wallace, William Clay, fl. 1836-1850.

Wonders of vision, a treatise on the eye; containing discoveries of the causes of near and far sightedness, and of the affections of the retina, with remarks on the use of medicines as substitutes for spectacles. . . . Third edition. New York: H. A. Chapin & Co., 1841.

90 p.: ill.; 19 cm.

“An early American surgeon, of considerable importance in ophthalmology because of his skill and because of his writings on the comparative anatomy of the eye” (AmEncOph XVIII:13686). The first edition of this work was published at New York in 1836 under the title The structure of the eye. A second edition with the title A treatise on the eye was published at New York in 1839. Another edition, also designated the third, was published under the same title as the second at New York in 1841.

AmEncOph XVIII:13686; Hirschberg §750; NUC 646:411.

397 Wallroth, C. Friedrich Wilhelm.

Syntagma de ophthalmologia veterum. Specimen medico-philologicum. Halle: C. A. Kummel, 1818.

xx, 254, [2] p.; 21 cm. (8vo)

An historical treatise on the ophthalmological knowledge of the ancients, this was the first scholarly effort in this branch of medical history which later became the special province of such German historians as Andreae, Hirsch, Magnus, and Hirschberg.

Hirschberg §32.

398 Walther, Philipp Franz von, 1782-1849.

Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der practischen Medicin besonders der Chirurgie und Augenheilkunde. . . . Erster Band. Landshut: Philipp Krüll, 1810.

x, [2], 504 p., 3 plates; 22 cm. (8vo)

An early collection of essays on surgery and ophthalmology by the foremost German surgeon of his time. Two of these four essays are on ophthalmic topics, the first, “Über die Krankheiten der Crystallinse und die Bildung des Staares” (p. 1-90); and the last, “Über die Augenentzündung, ihr Wesen und ihre Formen” (p. [357]-504). Both essays are discussed in detail by Hirschberg (Bd. XIV, Abt. 2, p. 211-16). Of the first he writes, “Dies ist die Abhandlung W.’s, die bei seinen Zeitgenossen bedeutende (allerdings dem Vf. noch nicht genügende) Anerkennung gefunden hat.” A second volume was never published.

Callisen XX:372; Hirsch V:840; Hirschberg §506.

399 Walther, Philipp Franz von, 1782-1849.

Die Lehre vom schwarzen Staar und seiner Heilart. Aus v. Graefe’s und v. Walther’s Journal der Chirurgie und Augenheilkunde Band XXX. besonders abgedruckt. Berlin: G. Reimer, 1841.

[2], iv, 217 p.; 21 cm.

A treatise on amaurosis reprinted from the journal established and edited by von Graefe and von Walther, two of Germany’s most celebrated surgeons. “Amaurosis” as an expression of blindness formerly indicated a clinical entity and constituted a diagnosis with pathological specificity.

Hirschberg §505.

399.1 Walton, Henry Haynes, 1816-1889.

A practical treatise on the diseases of the eye. Third edition. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1875.

[2], xxxii, 1188, [4] p., 8 plates: ill.; 23 cm.

“[A] . . . treatise giving ample details on the use of ophthalmic instruments, the pathology of diseases of the eye, examination with the ophthalmoscope, the treatment of strabismus, anomalies of accommodation and of refraction of the eye” (BOA I:222). The volume includes an Anatomical introduction by A. T. Norton, and a chapter (XIV) entitled The ophthalmoscope by T. C. Allbutt. The book went through three editions: the first and second editions were published under the titles A treatise on operative ophthalmic surgery (London, 1853) and A treatise on the surgical diseases of the eye (London, 1861). An American edition appeared in 1875.

Henry Haynes Walton studied medicine in London and later in Paris. He became surgeon at the Central London Ophthalmic Hospital in 1843, and then at the ophthalmic division of St. Mary’s Hospital, where he also worked as an instructor of anatomy, operative surgery, and ophthalmology.

AmEncOph XVIII:13689; BM 252:630; BOA I:222; Hirsch V:842; Hirschberg §662; NUC 647:406.

400 Wardrop, James, 1782-1869.

Essays on the morbid anatomy of the human eye. Edinburgh: G. Ramsay and Co. for A. Constable and Co. . . . and John Murray . . . (London), 1808-18.

2 v. (xxxi, [1], 159 p., 7 plates; x, 274 p., 8 plates); 25 cm.

“Wardrop was the first to classify the various inflammations of the eye according to the structure attacked” (Chance, p. 72). Inspired by the pathological anatomy of Bichat, Wardrop’s topographical description of ocular disease earned him the title “the first modern ophthalmologist” from Duke-Elder. The most important of his many publications in surgery and ophthalmology, Wardrop uses here for the first time the term keratitis1, and provides the first accurate description of retinoblastoma. The two volumes are illustrated with fifteen remarkable plates, most of them prepared by Patrick Syme of Edinburgh. A second edition was published in 1834.

BOA I:222; Chance, p. 72; G-M 5840; Hirsch V:845; Hirschberg §628.

1Wardrop did not, in fact, use the term keratitis. While Wardrop is recognized for the first clear description of what is now known as keratitis, Carl Weller is credited with the first use of the term. Hirschberg §506; Hirschberg §597; Hirschberg §628; Leffler CT, et al. Arch Ophthalmol. 2012;130(10):1356-1357.


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